When you’re on the search for a new skincare product, it can be a little overwhelming, navigating the endless different products with their endless claims and complicated lab language. We’ve decoded some of the most popular skincare terminology and ingredients so you’ll know exactly what does what when it comes to skincare.
Collagen is the protein in your skin, hair and nails that helps give structure. As we get older, collagen levels deplete (hence sagging and wrinkling.) Products that are collagen-rich will replenish your skin and make it look more plump and radiant.
Prebiotic and Probiotic
Prebiotics and probiotics are crucial ingredients in maintaining the balance of your skin. They’re essentially "good” bacteria that calm the skin and combat "bad” bacteria. Those with chronic inflammation or acne will really benefit from using them.
A form of Vitamin A, retinol promotes cell renewal and enhances the skin’s collagen production. It’s said to reverse the effects of sun damage in some cases and can reduce the appearance of fine lines and open pores.
Saponins are naturally found in plants and, like soap, they lather when mixed with water. They wash away toxins in the skin so are often found in cleansers.
Simply put, Saccharide is a sugar. It is a super effective moisturiser and skin conditioner and attracts water, so is great for skin hydration.
A popular skincare ingredient of the moment, hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring connective tissue found in our bodies. It holds 1,000x times its weight in water so when it comes to skincare, it’s incredibly hydrating.
Salicylic Acid is most effective against acne and spots. It penetrates the first layer of skin and exfoliates out impurities. That means that when you put it on spots overnight, it deep cleans the pore and by morning, it will be visibly reduced.
Esters are all about smoothing the skin. They’re fatty substances that are great conditioning agents without feeling oily. They also add a protective layer meaning ester-rich formulas do wonders for dry skin.